Male factor infertility accounts for about one-third of infertility cases worldwide. Having a healthy sperm is one of the most important parameters of male fertility.
The health markers of sperm include
- Sperm Count: The number of spermatozoa produced per ejaculation or per measured amount of semen.
- Sperm Volume: The amount of volume produced in an ejaculation. A minimum amount of volume is required to carry sperms in through the female reproductive organ
- Sperm Morphology: The size shape and appearance of the sperm is an important factor
- Sperm Mobility: The speed and movement of the sperm
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the ideal sperm count should be between 15 million to more than 200 million per millimeter (mL) of semen
To increase sperm count avoid (Say NO to)
- Smoking: In April 2016 European Urology submitted an analysis on the effect of smoking on semen.
The study was conducted among 5,000 men across Europe which concluded that smoking reduces sperm count and sperm motility.
- Alcohol: Excessive consumption of alcohol can cause a decrease in sperm.
According to the Center for Disease Control consistent drinking or binge drinking (five or more drinks in men in a two-hour timeframe) have negative effects on sperm.
- Drugs: some drugs such as some antibiotics, corticosteroids,anti-androgens, antipsychotics, anti-inflammatories, and methadone can have a negative impact on sperm count.
Drugs like Marijuana and cocaine can lower sperm production.
- Soy products: Soy has a large amount of phytoestrogen (plant estrogen) excess of which can lead to lower sperm bonding and sperm production.
You should constrain the intake of such products.
- Stress: Stress leads to a change in the hormonal flow of the body that can affect sperm production greatly
- Obesity: A study conducted at the Harvard School of Public Health shows that obesity and overweightness can lower the sperm count.
To increase sperm count start (Say YES to)
- Fenugreek Supplements: Fenugreek (मेंथी in Hindi) seed abstract has been used as a natural remedy for improving sperm count for a long time, It is also confirmed by a 2017 study.
- Ashwagandha (Indian ginseng): helps in improving fertility by boosting testosterone levels.
A 2018 study conducted demonstrated its results.
- Get enough Vitamin D: The exact effect of Vitamin D and calcium of the health of the sperm is not know but a 2019 literature review of 18 studies demonstrate it’s results.
The findings have not been confirmed yet.
- Get an appropriate amount of zinc and folate
- Increase Healthy Fat: Healthy fats like Omega-3 and Omega-6 they help in improving sperm concentration and development of sperm membrane
- Food Suggestions: Given below is the list of food that may help in increasing sperm count
- Walnuts, Fermented Nuts and Seeds
- Citrus Fruits like lemon and orange
- Whole Wheat
- Fish, Wild salmon, and Haddock
- Dark Chocolate
- Turmeric Super
Medications should only be taken when prescribed by a Doctor.
The following Medication may be prescribed for the treatment of low sperm count. Medications depend on your additional health factors too
- Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (Choragon or Pregnyl)
- Gonal-F RFF Redi-ject (follitropin alfa or gonal-F)
- Antibiotics may be prescribed in case of infection or some other underlying disease
- letrozole or anastrozole
- serophene oral, It is also used in the treatment of female infertility
There has been significant ongoing research and studies on how to increase the sperm count which includes both natural and artificial remedies.
Few of them have been mentioned in this blog but rather than treatment we should focus more on preventing such problems from occurring by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
With increasing infertility perhaps now more than ever we should realize the benefits of maintaining a healthy lifestyle.