How did the COVID-19 COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Outbreak happened
The COVID-19 (Coronavirus) has 10,39,166 confirmed cases leading to 34,949 Death in more than 150 countries worldwide.
On 11th March 2020 The virus has been declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) and is continuing to cause mass panic and deaths across the globe.
Before we start with the detailed timeline Mapping here are some quick numbers
|Name of the Country||Date of the first reported case||Total deaths so far||Total infected cases|
|China||17th November (Unverified)|
|United States||21st January||245,974||6,126|
|South Korea||8th January (Suspected)|
Late January (Difficult to track)
|United Kingdom||31st January||3,605||38,168|
The Origin: November 2019-January 2020
Location: Hubei Province Central China
The First Case
Chinese authorities identified around 266 people who contracted the virus last year and the earliest case was 17 November – weeks before authorities announced the emergence of the new virus. An unverified resource confirms it to be a 55 year old in the Hubei province.According to The Guardian for about one month after that date there were one to five new cases reported each day according to the guardian
Date: 1st December
Symptom onset date of the first patient was identified as a 53 year old woman presented with pneumonia was admitted and hospitalized in an isolation ward.
It wasn’t until the second week of December, the Wuhan doctors were finding cases that indicated the virus was spreading from one human to another
Date: 10th December
57-year-old Wei Guixian, a seafood merchant working at the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market, might be patient zero, according to a 6 March 2020 report by The Wall Street Journal
Date: 12th December
Chinese state broadcaster CCTV reported in a broadcast airing on 9 January 2020 that the “new viral outbreak was first detected in the city of Wuhan, China,” on 12/12/2019
Date: 20th December
60 confirmed cases of the virus were identified
Date: 25th December
Chinese medical staff Wuhan were found to be suspected of having viral pneumonia and were quarantined. Later, hospitals in Wuhan witnessed an “exponential” increase in the number of cases in late December that cannot be linked back to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market.
Whistleblower doctor Li Wenliang warned a group of other doctors about a possible outbreak of an illness that resembled “severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)”. He urged them to take protective measures against infection
Date: 30th December
An “urgent notice on the treatment of pneumonia of unknown cause” was issued by the Wuhan Municipal Health Committee on its Weibo social media account.
Date: 31st December
The first official report was given by the chinese authorities to the World Health Organization
“cases of pneumonia of unknown etiology (unknown cause) detected in Wuhan”
The Wuhan Municipal Health Committee reported to the WHO that 27 people had been diagnosed with pneumonia of unknown cause,7 of which were in critical condition and 18 were stable, 2 of which were on the verge of being discharged soon.
China contacted the World Health Organization (WHO) three weeks after the first case considering the first case occurred on 10th December though some reports suggest that the first reported case was on 17th December.
Date: 1st January
According to information reported by the South China Morning Post on 13 March 2020, Chinese authorities had, by that date, identified 266 people who had been infected before the beginning of 2020.
Date: 2nd January
On 2 January, 41 admitted hospital patients in Wuhan, China, were confirmed to have contracted (laboratory-confirmed) the 2019-nCoV (Novel coronavirus); 27 (66%) patients had direct exposure to Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market.
Date: 3th January
Dr Li signed a statement at a police station acknowledging his “misdemeanor” and promising not to commit further “unlawful acts.” China’s National Health Commission ordered institutions not to publish any information related to the unknown disease.
On the same day, the Hubei Provincial Health Commission ordered to stop testing samples from Wuhan related to the new disease and destroyed all existing samples.
Date: 4th January
WHO’s first official statement about the outbreak
Date: 8th January
Scientists in China announced the discovery of a new coronavirus Chinese authorities claim to have identified the virus, claiming that it still found “no clear evidence of human-to-human transfer”
South Korea announced the first possible case of virus coming from China,South Korea put a 36-year-old Chinese woman under isolated treatment amid concerns that she had brought back a form of viral pneumonia
Date: 9th January
First Death due to the Virus of a 61-year-old women in China
Date: 11th January
The Wuhan City Health Commission released a Q & A sheet emphasizing that most of the unexplained viral pneumonia cases in Wuhan have a history of exposure to the South China seafood market and “no clear evidence of human-to-human transmission has been found.
Date: 12th January
China shares the genetic sequence of the novel coronavirus with the WHO, which will be very important for other countries as they develop specific diagnostic kits.
Date: 13th January
First International confirmed case of virus reported in Thailand
A case of novel coronavirus was reported involving a 61-year-old Chinese woman in Thailand, who had visited Wuhan.
Date: 14th January
Preliminary investigations conducted by the Chinese authorities have found no clear evidence of human-to-human transmission of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) identified in Wuhan, China
Date: 15th January
The Wuhan Municipal Health Commission in a statement said that the possibility of “limited human-to-human transmission” cannot be ruled out.
Despite the fact that Wuhan doctors knew that the virus is “contagious”, city authorities allow 40,000 families to gather and share home-cooked food in a Lunar New Year banquet, as per the article in National Review.
A second death occurred in a 69-year-old man in China on 15 January
Date: 19th January
China’s national health commission team investigating the outbreak, confirmed that two cases of infection in China’s Guangdong province had been caused by “human-to-human transmission and medical staff had been infected”.
Date: 20th January
China reported a third death and more than 200 infections
Date: 21st January
First case of coronavirus in the US
A total of 291 cases have now been reported across major cities in China, including Beijing and Shanghai.After 300 confirmed diagnoses and 6 deaths, Chinese state media warned lower-level officials not to cover up the spread of a new coronavirus.
Date: 22nd January
The First international Quarantine, Officials announce a quarantine of the greater Wuhan, China area to commence 23 January 2020 at 10:00 am
China reported a 17 death and more than 550 infections
WHO delegation conducted a field visit to Wuhan and concluded, “deployment of the new test kit nationally suggests that human-to-human transmission is taking place in Wuhan
Nearly two months after the first case of the virus was reported
The WHO Director General convened the Emergency Committee to consider the outbreak of the novel coronavirus in China, with cases also reported in the Republic of Korea, Japan, Thailand and Singapore.
Several Committee members considered it still too early to declare a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), given its restrictive and binary nature. Among other recommendations, the Committee advised that it be recalled in approximately 10 days.
Internationally, two more laboratory-confirmed cases were reported in Thailand, raising the total number of laboratory-confirmed cases in Thailand to four.
Date: 23rd January
Singapore reported its first laboratory-confirmed case, a 66-year-old man from China. Vietnam confirmed its first two laboratory-confirmed cases, a 65 or 66-year-old father and 27 or 28-year-old son from China.
Date: 24th January
China reported a 26 death and more than 830 infections
Japan, South Korea, and the United States all confirmed their second cases.Singapore confirmed its second and third cases.Thailand confirmed its fifth case. Hong Kong confirmed three additional cases, bringing the total number to five. Nepal confirmed its first case, a student who returned from Wuhan. France reported its first three confirmed cases, the first occurrences in the EU.The French Health Minister Agnès Buzyn stated that it is likely other cases would arise in the country.
A study by Chinese researchers indicates that people can be symptom-free for several days while the coronavirus is incubating, increasing the risk of contagious infection without forewarning signs
Launch of free online introductory course on the novel coronavirus by WHO
Australia confirmed its first four cases, one in Victoria and three in New South Wales.Malaysia reported its first three cases in Johor Bahru and a fourth case later. Japan confirmed its third case. Canada confirmed its first case in Toronto. Thailand added two new cases for a total of seven.Singapore confirmed their fourth case.
A Chinese and a Sri Lankan suspected with the infection were admitted to a hospital in Sri Lanka.Liang Wudong, a 62-year-old doctor, reportedly died in Hubei province from the coronavirus
Date: 26th January
China reported 56 deaths and more than 2000 infections
New cases were confirmed in the US, Taiwan, Thailand, Japan and South Korea.
The United States confirmed its third, fourth, and fifth cases: two in California and one in Arizona. Macau confirmed three additional cases, bringing its total to five. Hong Kong confirmed its sixth, seventh, and eighth cases.[Thailand has confirmed its eighth case. The first of five patients was already discharged. There are another 39 suspected cases awaiting confirmation
Date: 27th January
China reported 106 deaths and more than 4515 infections.
Canada reported its first confirmed case and another presumptive case.
The Sri Lankan Health Ministry confirms its first case of coronavirus, a 43 year old Chinese woman
Cambodia confirms its first case of the virus
Singapore confirms a fifth case, a 56 year old Chinese
Germany confirmed its first case in Bavaria, a case of domestic transmission
Taiwan reports its first case of domestic transmission of the coronavirus
Beijing reports its first death from coronavirus
Three new suspected cases in Austria
first possible case in Romania
Ecuador reported a suspected case of coronavirus, a Chinese citizen who arrived from Hong Kong
In Poland, two children were admitted to the Kraków hospital with the suspicion of coronavirus
In Mongolia a 14-year-old girl who was studying in China had fallen ill with a suspected case of pneumonia and laryngitis; she was pronounced dead on the same day.
Date: 28th January
WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus met with China’s President Xi Jinping in Beijing about the coronavirus outbreak.
China’s Supreme People’s Court ruled that whistleblower, Li Wenliang, had not committed the crime of spreading “rumors” when on 30 December 2019 he posted to a WeChat forum for medical school alumni that seven patients under his care appeared to have contracted SARS.
Thailand confirms six more cases, bringing the total infected there to 14
Singapore confirms two more cases
Japan confirms 3 additional cases
The Brazilian Ministry of Health reports three suspected cases
Date: 29th January
Tibet reported its first suspected case
The UAE confirms its first case
Singapore confirms three more cases of the virus
Malaysia confirms three additional cases
Japan reports four additional cases
Brazil reports a total of 9 suspected cases in six states of the country.
Date: 30th January
Who Declares Global Emergency
WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus declared the 2019-nCoV outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, following a second meeting of the Emergency Committee convened under the International Health Regulations.
Acknowledging that cases have been reported in five WHO regions in one month, the Committee noted that early detection, isolating and treating cases, contact tracing and social distancing measures – in line with the level of risk – can all work to interrupt virus spread.
India confirms its first case of coronavirus
Philippines confirms its first case of coronavirus
Japan confirms three more cases
Malaysia confirms one more case
Singapore confirms three more cases
South Korea confirms two more cases
France confirms its sixth case
Italy confirms its first two cases
Date: 31st January
The United Kingdom,Spain and Russia confirmed their first coronavirus infections
The first Swedish and Spanish cases were confirmed
The whole event was not declared as pandemic by WHO unit 11th March 2020
This was one of the blogs of the timeline blog series, follow us for further updates.